Momentum Transfer Operations
Continuity equation for compressible and incompressible fluids. Bernoulli’s
equation, Euler’s equation, introduction to Navier-Stokes equation.
Types of flows, steady and unsteady, laminar and turbulent flows;
Relationship between shear stress and pressure gradient, Hagen-Poiseuille
equation. Prandtl’s mixing length theory and eddy diffusivity losses in pipes
and fittings, Darcy-Weisbach equation for frictional head loss, Moody diagram.
Flow through packed and fluidized beds.
Velocity Profile and boundary layer calculations for turbulent flow.
Pumps and compressors for handling different fluids, types, NPSH and
characteristics of centrifugal pumps. Valves, pipe fittings and their standards.
Power requirement for flow. Pipe layout and economical pipe diameter.
Flow measuring devices such as orifice meter, venturimeter, rotameter,
Vacuum producing devices.
Introduction to Newtonian and non-Newtonian flow.
1. Streeter, V. L. and Wylie, “Fluid
Mechanics,” 8th ed., McGraw-Hill,
New York, 1985.
2. Gupta, S. K., “Momentum Transfer
Operations,” Tata McGraw-Hill.
3. Coulson, J. M. and Richardson, J.
F., “Chemical Engineering,” Vol. 1,
Asian books, New Delhi.
4. McCabe, W.L., Smith, J.C., and
Harriott, P., “Unit Operations of
Chemical Engineering”, 6th ed.,
McGraw Hill, 2001.
Last updated on: Friday, June 24, 2011